Some good has come out of the heartbleed bug – some of the larger organisations using it have decided to put some money in to its developemnt. Quite a lot in fact. it’s through an initiative of the Linux Foundation, and is supported by the likes of Microsoft, Cisco, Amazon, Intel, Facebook, Google and IBM. The idea is to fund some critical open source projects.
While this is welcome news for the open source community in general, and certainly vindicates the concept, I have to question its effectiveness. The vulnerability was actually reported by the community two years ago, and had already been fixed. However, it persisted in several releases until it had been. One could blame the volunteers who developed it for sloppy coding; not spotting it themselves and not fixing it when it was pointed out to them earlier. But I can’t blame volunteers.
It’s up to people using Open Source to check its fit for purpose. They should have carried out their own code reviews anyway. At the very least, they should have read the bug reports, which would have told them that these versions were dodgy. Yet none of them did, relying on the community to make sure everything was alright.
I dare say that the code in OpenSSL, and other community projects, is at last as good as much of the commercially written stuff. And on that basis alone, it’s good to see the freeloading users splashing a bit bit of cash.
I wonder, however, what will happen when Samba (for example) comes under the spotlight. Is Microsoft really going to fund an open-source competitor to its server platform? Or vmware pay to check the security of VirtualBox? Oracle isn’t on the current list of donors, incidentally, but they’re doing more than anyone to support the open source model already.
Having tested a few servers I’m involved with, many of which are using old or very old versions of OpenSSL, I can’t say I’ve found many with the problem. You can test a server here: http://filippo.io/Heartbleed/ on a site recommended by Bruce Schneier.
So what’s going on? Does this affect very specific nearly-new releases. This story could turn out to be a serious but solvable problem, and a media panic. I recall spending most of 1999 doing interviews on how the “year 2000 bug” was going to be a damp squib, but it’s early days yet.
Someone’s finally found a serious bug in OpenSSL. It allows a remote attacker to snoop around in the processes memory, and this is seriously bad news because this is where you will find the private keys its using. They’re called “private keys” because, unlike public keys, they need to remain private.
This is going to affect most web sites using https, and secure email (if you’re using it – most aren’t). But before user’s rush off to change their passwords (which are different for each site, aren’t they?) – there’s no point in doing this if an attacker is watching. The popular press reckons your passwords are compromised; I don’t. If I understand it correctly, this exploit theoretically allows an attacker to intercept encrypted traffic by pretending to be someone else, and in doing so can read everything you send – including your password. So don’t log in until the server is fixed. They can’t read your password until you use it.
To cure this bug you need a new version of OpenSSL, which is going to be a complete PITA for server operators who aren’t on-site. Hell, it’ll be a PITA even if you are on-site with the servers. Once this is done you’ll also need new certificates, and the certificate authorities aren’t geared up for everyone in the world changing at once.
But the big fun one is when you can’t update OpenSSL. It’s used everywhere, including in embedded systems for which there was never any upgrade route. I’m talking routers, smart TVs – everythign.
I believe that SSH isn’t affected by this, which is one good thing, but I’m waiting for confirmation. Watch this space.
But, if you’re using a secure web site to log in over SSL, consider the password compromised if you’ve used it in the last few days and be prepared to change it soon.
FreeBSD 8.4 has just been released. But I thought we were up to 9.1? Actually version 8 is still being maintained for those who don’t want to change too much in one go, as is the way for FreeBSD.
Given this conservatism, why bother upgrading from 8.3 to 8.4? If you want the latest, why not go straight to 9.1; otherwise be conservative and leave well alone? This time I might upgrade, because 8.4 contains fixed versions of BIND and OpenSSL. Certain high-profile DDoS attacks amplified by a feature of BIND are a good enough reason to suggest everyone keeps up with the latest BIND release.
You could, of course, update BIND and OpenSSL by just pulling them from the repository but there are a number of other good bug fixes in there anyway, especially in several on the Ethernet drivers. And ZFS has been improved, if you want crazy disks.
I’m not expecting 9.2 to show up until early next year, if convention holds, which is a pity because some of the BIND and OpenSSL problems were found after 9.1 was released. Don’t wait until January, apply the patches now! (Follow the links above).